The town of Rupnagar is of considerable antiquity.about-ropar The town is said to have been founded by a Raja called Rokeshar who ruled in the 11th century and named Rupnagar after his son Rup Sen. The recent excavations carried out at Rupnagar have proved that this town was the seat of well-developed Indus Valley Civilization. In proto – Historic Punjab perhaps Rupnagar is the only known excavation site which the status of a small town or city. The founds in recent excavations
consists of earthen bares, statues, coins, etc. That proves that the city dates back to Harappa – Mohenjo-Daro civilization which crossed Sutlej River. Many of them settled at this place. In the excavations many things founded belongs to Chandra Gupta, Kushan, Hoon and Mughal period. One of rare finds is a seal of Marble on which there are three letters engraved in Sindhi script. One of the finds is the statue of a woman dressing her hair. All these proves that even the people living in this town 4000 years, hence were fully civilized and well cultured.
Many historians are of the view that when the first man descended from the mountains in the North to plains, he settled down at Ropar. A Mount is still preserved by the Archeology Department at Ropar.
S. Hari Singh Rais of Sialba conquered Ropar in 1763 A.D. and established his state. His son Charat Singh made Ropar capital of the state.
After the fall of Sirhind in 1763, Rupnagar came under the Sikhs Chief Hari Singh. The most famous ruler of Ropar state was Raja Bhup Singh, who fought in the anglo-sikhs war of 1845 on the side of Maharaja Dalip Singh, the minor successor of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, against the British. Consequently, after the victory of the British, Ropar state of Raja Bhup Singh was confiscated.
The history of Ropar district is in fact the war of Guru Gobind Singh Ji against Mughal tyranny, exploiters and social evils. It is here in this district at Sarsa Nangal that the great Guru parted with the family and proceeded to Chamkaur Sahib where two elder Sahibzadas laid down their lives fighting for truth and Guru Sahib left for Machhiwara on a constant struggle.